fergusonmama 2023-0914 International Sales Law: A Guide to the CISG

International Sales Law: A Guide to the CISG

International Sales Law: A Guide to the CISG

International Sales Law: A Guide to the CISG


The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) is a crucial framework that governs international sales transactions. It provides a standardized set of rules and regulations that ensure fairness and predictability in cross-border trade. This article serves as a comprehensive guide to understanding the CISG and its significance in international sales law.

What is the CISG?

The CISG is an international treaty that was adopted in 1980 and has been ratified by over 90 countries. Its primary objective is to facilitate international trade by establishing uniform rules for the formation of contracts, obligations of the buyer and seller, and remedies for breach of contract.

Key Features of the CISG:

  • Applicability: The CISG applies to contracts for the sale of goods between parties from different countries that have ratified the convention.
  • Contract Formation: The CISG provides rules for offer and acceptance, as well as the formation and validity of contracts.
  • Obligations of the Parties: It outlines the rights and obligations of the buyer and seller, including delivery of goods, payment, and inspection.
  • Remedies for Breach: The CISG offers remedies such as specific performance, damages, and avoidance of the contract in case of breach.

Frequently Asked Questions:

1. Which countries have ratified the CISG?

As of now, over 90 countries have ratified the CISG, including the United States, China, Germany, and France.

2. Does the CISG apply to all types of contracts?

No, the CISG only applies to contracts for the international sale of goods. It does not cover services, intellectual property, or real estate transactions.

3. Can parties exclude the application of the CISG?

Yes, parties can explicitly exclude the application of the CISG in their contract. However, such exclusion must be clearly stated and agreed upon by both parties.


The CISG plays a vital role in facilitating international trade by providing a uniform set of rules for cross-border sales transactions. Understanding the CISG is essential for businesses engaged in international trade to ensure compliance and mitigate risks. By adhering to the CISG, parties can establish trust and confidence in their contractual relationships, leading to smoother and more efficient international trade.